On June 9, 2006, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union issued the latest version of the Machinery Directive 2006/42 / EC in their official gazettes. Compared with the previous Machinery Directive 98/37 / EC, the new directive is applicable in terms of scope and basic health. And safety requirements, conformity assessment procedures, and market surveillance have all changed significantly. According to the requirements in the new directive, the directive will take effect on 20 June 2006, that is, on June 29, 2006. In general, the new directive separates similar content in the current directive into a separate chapter, with a clearer structure and easier understanding of the content, which helps manufacturers, certification bodies, and member states and other relevant parties to understand and apply the content of the directive.
The previous Machinery Directive 98/37 / EC was promulgated by the Official Journal of the European Union on July 23, 1998, superseding 89/392 / EEC issued in 1989, and subsequent revised directives 91/368 / EEC, 93/44 / EEC, 93/63 / EEC. Since January 1, 1995, the Machinery Directive has officially become a mandatory compulsory regulation in Europe. At the same time, all EU member states must incorporate some of their basic provisions into the laws of their respective countries. The EU Machinery Directive does not address technical details, but focuses on safety and health regulations related to machine design and construction. The new EU Machinery Directive 2006/42 / EC is effective from December 29, 2009.
The machinery described in the Machinery Directive includes a single piece of machinery, an associated group of machinery, and replaceable equipment.
1. Machinery refers to a non-human or other animal-powered device that is equipped or designed to be equipped with a drive system. It consists of several parts and at least one part can move. It is designed to be used to: Equipment for specific purposes; (99% of production and processing equipment used in factories belong to the machinery defined here)
2. Replaceable equipment Replaceable equipment refers to devices that can be installed on mechanical equipment to change or increase mechanical functions. The tools are not lost in the replaceable equipment defined here;
3. Safety element The safety element refers to the element purely used to realize the safety function. The element does not affect the function of the machine. If the element fails, it will greatly threaten the safety of the operator. Such elements can be circulated separately in the market;
4. Hoisting equipment accessories Hoisting equipment accessories refer to the independent equipment installed between the hoisting equipment and the lifted equipment, and the sling and its components belong to the hoisting equipment accessories;
5. Chains, ropes, wire meshes Chains, ropes, wire meshes refer to the elements that are mainly installed on the lifting equipment or its accessories for lifting;
6. Detachable mechanical transmission device Detachable mechanical transmission device refers to the transmission device installed between the power source and the driven equipment. If the device is equipped with a protective device, the protective device and the device should be considered as one and cannot be separated. ;
7. Semi-finished machinery Semi-finished machinery refers to the equipment that will be assembled into a complete machine, but the equipment itself cannot achieve any function. Independent drive systems are semi-finished machines.
Depending on the type of machinery and components, other directives than the machinery directive may still apply. Other directives include EMC directive, low voltage directive, simple pressure vessel directive, pressure vessel directive, etc.
Dangerous machinery (machinery within the scope of Annex IV of the Machinery Directive)
The 2006/42 / EC Machinery Directive has a clear distinction between "general machinery" and those considered to be particularly dangerous (Annex IV machinery). Before proceeding with the directives, it is important to distinguish whether your machine is the one in Annex IV.
1. Circular saws (single or multiple saw blades), used to process wood and similar wood or the following equipment for processing meat and similar meat materials:
1.1 Circular saw with fixed bed or support, manual feed or detachable power feed, fixed saw blade during cutting;
1.2 Circular saw with manually operated reciprocating bed or carriage, and the saw blade is fixed during cutting;
1.3 Circular saw with built-in mechanical feed device, manual loading and unloading, and fixed saw blade during cutting;
1.4 Circular saw with mechanical moving saw blade, manual loading and unloading, and saw blade movement during cutting;
2. Woodworking plane planer with manual feed;
3, with a built-in mechanical feed device, manual loading and unloading, single-sided planer for processing wood;
4, band saw machine, used to process wood and similar wood or the following equipment for processing meat and similar meat materials:
4.1 Band saw with fixed or reciprocating bed or support and fixed saw blade during cutting;
4.2 Band saw with saw blade mounted on a reciprocating moving frame;
5. Combination machinery of wood and similar wood material processing machinery listed in Articles 1 to 4 and 7;
6. Woodworking tenoning machine with manual feed with multiple tool holders;
7, manual feed, vertical wood and similar wood material processing machinery;
8. Hand-held woodworking chain saw;
9, the use of manual loading and unloading metal cold working stamping machine, the movement of the stroke of more than 6mm, the speed of more than 30mm / s per second, including the bending machine;
10. Plastic injection or extrusion molding machine with manual loading and unloading;
11, using manual loading and unloading of rubber injection or extrusion molding machinery;
12, the following types of underground operations machinery:
12.1 Locomotives and brakes;
12.2 Hydraulic support equipment;
13. An artificial loading truck equipped with a compression device and used for collecting household garbage;
14. Detachable mechanical transmission device and its protective cover;
15. Protective cover of removable mechanical transmission device;
16, car lift;
17. Lifting equipment for lifting people or goods whose vertical height exceeds 3 meters;
18. Hand-held bullets push nailing equipment and other impact equipment;
19, protective equipment used to detect whether people are exposed to dangerous areas;
20, Power-driven interlocking protective covers for equipment listed in Articles 9, 10, 11
21, a logic unit that guarantees safety functions;
22, Rollover protection structure (ROPS);
23. Falling Object Protective Structure (FOPS);
The hazardous machinery listed above must pass the EC type-examination (type inspection) by the Notified Body (notified body) before passing the CE mark on the product. Ordinary machinery also needs the Notified Body (Notification Verification Agency) to inspect the product before it can be affixed with the CE mark, but the certification mode is different from hazardous machinery.