1. What is PPE?
PPE is the abbreviation of personal protective equipment. The term PPE refers to any device or appliance that is worn or held by an individual to prevent one or more dangers to health and safety. It is mainly used to protect employees from serious work injury or illness caused by exposure to chemical radiation, electrical equipment, human equipment, mechanical equipment or in some hazardous workplaces. In addition to masks, safety glasses, and safety shoes, personal protective equipment includes a large number of respiratory protective equipment, protective clothing, including hard hats, goggles, hearing protectors (earplugs), safety gloves, safety shoes, respirators, and safety belts.
Working uses include: protective shoes, goggles
Home use: sunglasses and gardening gloves
Recreation: helmets for biking, in-line / roller skating
Personal protective equipment affixed with the CE mark declares compliance with the health and safety requirements of the PPE and other directives.
The PPE should also include:
(a) a combination of equipment or appliances assembled by the manufacturer as a whole to protect individuals from one or more potentially concurrent dangers;
(b) a protective device or appliance that is detachably or inseparably fitted to a person's non-protective equipment to be worn or held by him for the purpose of performing a particular activity;
(c) Interchangeable PPE components that are essential to the satisfactory function and exclusive use of the above equipment.
(d) Any system that is placed on the market with PPE to connect the PPE to another external, add-on device, even if the system is not intended to be worn or held throughout the entire period of the hazardous environment, shall be considered as the equipment Part.
2. Products included in PPE
a. Simple design of certain types of PPE. When the designer thinks that the user can assess the level of protection against the lowest danger, the EC type test may not be required. Such minimum hazards are those whose effects are gradual and can be detected by the user in a timely and safe manner.
Such PPE should be limited to protecting the wearer from:
-Mechanical action on the epidermis (horticultural gloves, thimbles, etc.);
— Low-effect, easy-to-remove cleaning materials (gloves for anti-dilution detergent solutions, etc.);
— Dangers encountered when handling hot workpieces, which will not put the user at a temperature above 50 ° C or will not expose the user to dangerous collisions (such as some occupational gloves, apron, etc.) ;
— For protection that is neither special nor extremely harsh in the atmospheric environment (hard hats, seasonal clothing, footwear, etc.);
— Minor collisions and vibrations that do not harm the deadly parts of the body and cause irreparable damage (light helmets, gloves, light footwear, etc.);
— Sunlight (sunglasses).
b. The design of a complex PPE designed to prevent a fatal danger or to prevent a danger that could seriously and irreparably harm health, the designer estimates that the user's transient effects of this danger are too late to be aware, in which case , At the option of the manufacturer, one of the two procedures described in Article 11. Such PPE should be limited to:
— Filter breathing devices for the protection of solid or liquid aerosols or irritating, dangerous, toxic or radiotoxic gases;
— Respiratory protection for complete isolation from the atmosphere, including respiratory protection for diving;
— PPE that provides only limited protection against chemical corrosion or ionizing radiation;
— First-aid equipment used in high-temperature environments where the effect is equivalent to an air temperature of 100 ° C and above, and may be characterized by infrared radiation, flames or a large amount of molten material sprayed;
— First-aid equipment used in low-temperature environments equivalent to temperatures below -50 ° C;
— PPE to prevent falling from a high place;
—PPE for protection against electric shock and voltage hazards or for insulation in high voltage operations.
List of PPE types to which this Directive does not apply
1. PPE (helmet, shield, etc.) designed and manufactured for use by the armed forces or maintaining legal order.
2. PPE (smoke canisters, self-defense weapons, etc.) for self-defense.
3． PPE designed and manufactured by individuals to protect against the following hazards:
— Adverse atmospheric environment (hats, seasonal clothing, footwear, umbrellas, etc.);
— Moisture and water (dishwashing gloves, etc.);
— Heat (gloves, etc.).
4． A PPE that is not always worn to protect or rescue occupants on a ship or aircraft.
5. Helmet and goggles for two- or three-wheeled motorcycle riders.