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Toy instruction



The new EU Toy Safety Directive 2009/48 / EC was issued on June 30, 2009, entered into force on July 20, 2009, and began to be partially rescinded on July 20, 2011. The current directive 88/378 / EEC was partially abolished, and new chemical requirements It will take effect in July 2013.

Background of the new instruction
The old EU Toy Safety Directive 88/378 / EEC, since its promulgation in 1988, has made great achievements in ensuring the safety of toys in the EU market and eliminating trade barriers between member states. However, with the changes of the times, the shortcomings of the directive are gradually exposed, such as the need for further improvement in security requirements, the inefficient implementation of the directive, and the scope and concept are not clear enough. And toys on the market use more and more new materials. So in 2003, the European Union began to consider amending it and soliciting public opinions widely. On January 25, 2008, the European Union issued a proposal to modify the directive COM (2008) 9. The proposal was approved by the European Parliament on December 18, 2008, and was officially adopted on June 18, 2009. Published in the Official Journal of the European Union, the new directive is numbered 2009/48 / EC.

After the new directive was promulgated, member states converted it into national law within 18 months, that is, before January 20, 2011. In addition, the new directive also sets a transition period of 2 years, that is, products that meet the requirements of the old directive can continue to be placed on the market before July 20, 2011; and the transition period of the chemical requirements clause is 4 years, that is, compliance with the old Products with chemical requirements in the directive that do not meet the chemical requirements in the new directive may continue to be placed on the market before July 20, 2013.

Changes to the new directive :
Scope and definition of "toy": Products designed or used for play by children under 14 years of age, whether or not they are specifically designed for play.

Requirements for various economic operating entities:

1. Manufacturer:
A. Ensuring that the toy design meets the basic safety requirements and special safety requirements of the toy set by the European Union
B. Develop product files / technical documents and implement conformity assessment procedures (ie, conduct conformity assessment / safety assessment). Develop an EC Declaration of Conformity when the product evaluation results pass
C. After the toy is put on the market, the product files and EC declaration of conformity must be kept for 10 years
D. It must be ensured that the production qualified procedures are kept in place during a series of production processes, and full consideration must be given to changes in compliance caused by any design or feature changes and updates to referenced harmonized standards.
E. The toy must be marked with the type, batch or serial number or model number, or any other identification information: When restricted by the size or characteristics of the toy, this information can be noted in the package or instruction manual.
F. Their names, registered names or registered trademarks, and addresses that can be contacted must be marked on the toy or packaging; when the size of the toy is limited, the above information can be noted in the accompanying manual
G, instructions, and safety information must be in a language that is easily understood by consumers in the host country
H. When the manufacturer makes or has reason to believe that the toys placed on the market do not comply with EU regulations, he must immediately take the necessary corrective measures, withdraw or recall, and must immediately notify the competent authorities of the member states when the toys appear to be at risk
I. When requested by the competent authority, all information and documents must be provided to prove that the toy is qualified. Work with them to take action to eliminate the dangers of toys

2, importer and distributor requirements
The new directive requires importers and distributors to step through inspections, including:
-The importer should check whether the manufacturer meets the relevant requirements, such as whether there is a technical file and whether conformity assessment procedures are carried out, and random sampling inspections can be performed if necessary;
-A mark of conformity, such as typing the name of the importer on the toy or packaging for easy contact;
-Ensure that the instructions or other materials on the toy are written in a language that consumers can understand
-Ensure that the requirements are still met during the transportation or storage of the toy.

3. The requirements for chemical properties have been greatly strengthened:
A. Toys must comply with EU regulations on certain types of products and restrictions on certain types of substances and mixtures (including REACH regulations)
B. It is forbidden to use carcinogens, genetic mutations or reproductive toxicity substances (CMR) in toys or toy parts.
C. The toy itself is a substance or mixture and must comply with relevant directives and regulations
D. Strengthened restrictions on the migration of heavy metal elements

4. Changes in mechanical properties requirements:
A. Do not attach toys firmly to food
B. Toys sold with food must be individually packaged, and such packaging must prevent swallowing or inhalation, and must be marked with a warning statement
C. For sound-producing toys, the maximum pulse and continuous noise emitted shall not damage the hearing of children

5 / Strengthening of health requirements:
A. Toys must meet hygienic and cleaning requirements to avoid any risk of disease, pollution and infection.
B. Toys designed and manufactured for children under 36 months must be cleanable.

Changes required by CE marking:
The CE mark was changed from the original requirement to be placed on the toy or its packaging to be always visible.
Warning sign changes:
1. Strengthen the rules applicable to warning signs: Accurate, prominent, clearly legible and legible warning signs must be displayed at the point of sale, including Internet stores
2. When the warning signs used conflict with the intended use of toys, these warning signs cannot be marked
3. Warning words can be printed on toys. Fix on a toy label or toy package, if appropriate. It should also be printed on the instruction manual
4. If the toy is not packaged at the time of sale due to its size, the warning must be fixed to the toy
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