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LFGB and food contact testing



LFGB testing is mainly for the testing of materials that come into contact with food. The price of the test is differentiated according to the range of products that come into contact with the food and the materials. Please contact us for details.
In September 2005, the German New Food and Dietary Products Law LFGB replaced the original Food and Daily Uses Law LMBG, also known as the "Food, Tobacco Products, Cosmetics and Other Commodities Management Law", which is the most important German food hygiene management The basic legal documents are the norms and core of other special food hygiene laws and regulations. The regulation provides general rules for all aspects of German food, so food on the German market and all food-related daily necessities must comply with the decree.
The materials or utensils that come into contact with food must pass the test and comply with Articles 30 and 31 of the Act. They can be certified by the LFGB test report issued by an authorized institution as "products containing no chemical toxic substances" and can Sales in the German market.
Product range covered by LFGB certification
The LFGB test is for all materials, including products produced by the latest technology, such as: chrome plating of barbecue grills, Teflon coating of pans, etc. Commonly involved fields include: ceramics, synthetic plastics, PVC, plasticizers, paper products, leather, textiles, cosmetics, tobacco and more. The products involved include: toasters, electric kettles and other electrical products in contact with food; food storage supplies, glass cutting boards, stainless steel tableware, various kitchen utensils, bowls, spoons, knives, forks, etc.
List of LFGB test items

No.

Material

TestItem test item

1

Plastic (gerenal) (old rule)
Plastic (General Purpose) (EU) No 10/2011 (Old method)

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water

Overall migration in 3% acetic acid

Overall migration in 50% ethanol

Overall migration in rectified olive oil or substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and isooctane) leaching method *
* General PVC, melamine, coating (or plastic that comes into contact with food on one side), rubber, PA, PC materials need to use olive oil substitute (95% ethanol and isooctane) extraction method

Full test of overall migration test (default simulation liquid is alcohol, acid, olive oil or its substitute)

Soluble Al (extension from extractable metal) in 3% acetic acid or water according to the actual usage
Only for organic coating on aluminium base
Dissolution aluminum (depending on the actual use, the soaking solution can be 3% acetic acid or water) test

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)

2

Plastic (gerenal) (New rule)
Plastic (General Purpose) (EU) No 10/2011

Sensory test

Overall migration in 10% ethanol (pH> 4.5 water-based food)

Overall migration in 3% acetic acid (pH ≤ 4.5 acidic food)

Overall migration in 20% ethanol (food with alcohol concentration ≤20%)

Overall migration in 50% ethanol (food containing> 20% alcohol or food in oil)

Overall migration in rectified olive oil or substitute of rectified olive oil
(Melamine, PVC, PC, nylon is the default replacement) Full migration olive oil or olive oil substitute (95% ethanol and isooctane) extraction method (fatty food)

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn) Soluble heavy metal (barium, cobalt, copper, iron, lithium, manganese, zinc)

3

test for plastic lid and O-ring
Plastic gasket or washer inside the lid
(Highly recommended)

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane)

Total phthalate (optional)

Specific migration of phthalate (water) (optional)

Specific migration of phthalate (3% acid)

Specific migration of phthalate (10% ethanol)

Specific migration of phthalate (substitute of olive oil)

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn) Soluble heavy metal (barium, cobalt, copper, iron, lithium, manganese, zinc)

4

PVC
PVC

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane)

VCM vinyl chloride monomer

Peroxide Value

Total phthalate (optional)

Specific migration of phthalate (water)

Specific migration of phthalate (3% acid)

Specific migration of phthalate (10% ethanol)

Specific migration of phthalate (substitute of olive oil)

、锰 、锌)(默认用酸) Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn) Soluble heavy metal (barium, cobalt, copper, iron, lithium , manganese , zinc)

5

Melamine
Melamine resin (melamine, melamine) products

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane)

Specific migration of formaldehyde

Special Migration of Melamine in water

Special Migration of Melamine in 3% acetic acid (default)

Special Migration of Melamine in 10% / 50% ethanol

Special Migration of Melamine in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane)

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn) Soluble heavy metal (barium, cobalt, copper, iron, lithium, manganese, zinc)

6

PE, PP
Polyethylene, polypropylene

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in the rectified olive oil

Peroxide value test (only for PE)

Total Chromium, Vanadium and Zirconium

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)

7

PS, ABS, SAN, Acrylic, Methary
Polystyrene resin, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer, acrylic resin

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in the rectified olive oil

Peroxide value test

Volatile organic matter (VOM)

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)

8

PA
Polyamide (nylon) product requirements

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane)

Peroxide value test

Specific migration of aromatic amine

Specific migration of Caprolactam in water, 3% acetic acid, 10% ethanol or olive oil
Deionized water with special migration of caprolactam, 3% acetic acid, 10% ethanol or olive oil / alternative leaching
* When recommending this item, you should choose the simulation fluid according to the customer's requirements; if the customer does not specifically request, you can recommend all 4 simulation fluids, or only 3% acetic acid.

、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸) Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)

9

PC
Polycarbonate plastic products requirements

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane)

Special migration of Bisphenol A in Distilled water

Special migration of Bisphenol A in 3% acetic acid (default)

Special migration of Bisphenol A in 10% / 50% ethanol 10% / 50% (default)

Special migration of Bisphenol A in Olive oil

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)

10

Poly (threphthalic acid diol esters), PET
PET plastic products requirements

Sensory test-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in rectified olive oil

Peroxide value test

Total zinc and lead content

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)

11

Acetal resins (POM)
POM plastic products requirements

Sensory test-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in rectified olive oil

Total Zinc test

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)

12

Silicone rubber
Silicone rubber product requirements

Sensory test-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

extractable components in ethanol (Ethanol as compulsory simulant) (must perform)

Extractable component in deionized water

Extractable component in 3% acetic acid

Peroxide value test

Volatile organic matter (VOM)

Organotin content organic tin compounds test

13

Rubber, TPR, TPE
Requirements for rubber or elastomer products

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in the substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and isooctane)

Nitrosamine and nitrosatable substances

Organotin content organic tin compounds test

Specific migration of aromatic amine

Extractable formaldehyde test

Total zinc and lead content

14

Paper (not applicable for paper and board used in microwave oven)
Paper products requirements
(Not applicable to paper used in microwave ovens)

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) pentachlorophenol test

Sensory testing-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

extractable heavy metal (not applicable for product in contact with dry food)
Release of heavy metals (lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium) * (*-not applicable to paper and dry food contact)

Formaldehyde content test

Specific migration of DiBP in distilled water, 3% acetic acid and 10% ethanol (optional) DiBP in distilled water, 3% acetic acid, and 10% ethanol (optional)

Specific migration of DiBP e in 95% ethanol

Specific migration of DiBP n iso-octane DiBP

Azo dyestuff (paper with colour)-Azo dye test

Preserving effect

Extractable Glyoxal Glyoxal Release Test

15

Baking paper
Baking paper

Sensory testing-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

Extractable Formaldehyde in water

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

Appearance appearance

Thermal stability

Preserving effect antibacterial ingredient migration test

16

PU and TPU
Polyurethane, polyurethane products requirements

Sensory test-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane)

Peroxide value test

Specific migration of aromatic amine

Total phthalate (recommended)

Specific migration of phthalate (3% acid)

Specific migration of phthalate (10% ethanol)

Specific migration of phthalate (substitute of olive oil)

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)

17

Polymer coating for cooking purpose
Organic coating (for cooking), such as Teflon

Sensory test-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in the substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and isooctane) leaching method *

Extractable phenol

Extractable formaldehyde test

Extractable aromatic amine test

Extractable chromium (VI) hexavalent chromium dissolution test

Extractable chromium (III) trivalent chromium dissolution test

Extractable lithium test

PFOS PFOS test (recommended)

Extractable PFOA in 3% acetic acid (default)

Extractable PFOA in Olive oil

Soluble Al (extension from extractable metal) in 3% acetic acid or water according to the actual usage
Only for organic coating on aluminium base
Dissolution of aluminum

18

Wood
wood

Sensory test-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

)五氯苯酚 Pentachlorophenol ( PCP )

Aromatic amine (optional test)

Extractable Formaldehyde

19

Glass
Requirements for glass products
DIN51032

Leachable Lead and Cadmium (DIN51032) Test of Lead and Cadmium Dissolution in Food Contact Parts

Leachable Lead and Cadmium (lip and rim region) Cup side lead and cadmium dissolution test (for samples with patterns within 2 cm of the cup side) *

20

Ceramic 84/500 / EEC
Enameled ware DIN51032

Extractable heavy metal: Pb, Cd, Co lead, cadmium, cobalt dissolution test (3 items by default)
(Note: Cobalt is highly recommended. If the customer insists on not testing cobalt, it will not affect the conclusion of the report.)

Leachable Lead, Cadmium and Cobalt (lip and rim region) Cup side lead, cadmium, cobalt dissolution test
(Note: Cobalt is highly recommended. If the customer insists on not testing cobalt, it will not affect the conclusion of the report.)

twenty one

Metal, Metal alloy and electroplated (exclude aluminum)
Metal, alloy, plating (except aluminum)

Sensory test-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

Extractable heavy metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, Sb, Co, Al) in distilled water or in 3% acetic acid Dissolution test in 3% acetic acid
* Simulation fluid should be selected according to customer requirements. If there is no special requirement, use 3% acetic acid when contacting acidic food; otherwise, water is recommended.

twenty two

Al and Al alloy
Pure aluminum and aluminum alloy

Sensory test-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

Extractable heavy metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, Sb, Co, Al) in distilled water or in 3% acetic acid Dissolution test in 3% acetic acid
* Simulation fluid should be selected according to customer requirements. If there is no special requirement, use 3% acetic acid when contacting acidic food; otherwise, water is recommended.

composition test (opitional) Composition analysis (please confirm whether the order is pure aluminum or aluminum alloy, the test composition is different. Aluminum content ≥99% is pure aluminum)

twenty three

Textile material
textile

Sensory test-taste and odor for whole products in contact with food

Colour fastness (for textile with color (ie not white))

Formaldehyde

PCP, TeCP and TriCP

Chlorinated carriers

Disperse dye (for textile with color (ie not white))

Azo dyestuff (for textile with color (ie not white))

twenty four

Activated carbon and Charcoal
Activated carbon, charcoal
(It is not recommended to take such samples, it is easy to adsorb)

sensory test

PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Carbon black

Metals and metalloids (AP (89) 1)

Extractable PCBs content
PCB extraction volume (PCB18, PCB28, PCB 52, PCB101, PCB 153, PCB 138, PCB180)

Specific aromatic amines

Specific aromatic amine (Benzidine, 2-naphthylamine,
4-aminodiphenyl) and sulphonated aromatic amines

25

Vinylidene Chloride Copolymers with a Predominant Content of (PVDC)
Vinylidene chloride

Sensory test

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol
* When requested by customers, the ethanol concentration can be 10% or 20%

Overall migration in the substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and isooctane) leaching method *

Peroxide value test

Volatile organic matter (VOM)

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)

26

product in contact with mouth lip or mouth cavity directly eg. Toothbrush, drinking straw
Products that come into direct contact with the mouth, such as toothbrushes, straws

Colour fastness to saliva

27

product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage) eg. Handle of food roller
The product will touch the handle of the skin (use for more than an hour)

Colour fastness to perspiration

28

metallic product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage) eg. Handle of food roller
Metal product handles that can touch the skin (more than an hour)

Extractable nickel

29

Dyed product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage) eg. Table napkins

Azo dyestuff

30

vacuum thermal bulb used in water canister or water jar

Asbestos asbestos

31

German GS certification requirements (PAH)

specific migration of PAHs (water, 3% acetic acid, 10% ethanol, or olive oil)

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